Lassa Fever Outbreak in Nigeria


In the reporting Week 02 (January 07 – 13, 2019) *thirty-five new confirmed cases* were reported from Edo(12), Ondo(12), Bauchi(3), FCT(1), Ebonyi(5), Plateau(1) and Taraba(1) States with *eight new deaths* in Ondo(3), Edo(1), Ebonyi(1), Plateau(1) FCT(1) and Taraba(1)

From 1st to 13th January 2019, a total of *172 suspected cases* have been reported.

Of these, *60 were confirmed positive* and 112 negative (not a case)

– Since the onset of the 2019 outbreak, there have been 16 deaths in confirmed cases.

– Case fatality
rate in confirmed cases is 26.7%

– Eight states (Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa Ebonyi, Plateau, Taraba and FCT) have recorded at
least one confirmed case across *17 Local Government Areas*

– In the reporting week 02, no new healthcare worker was affected

– Forty-six patients are currently being managed at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital(ISTH)
treatment Centre (20), Federal Medical Centre Owo (18), Bauchi (3) and Ebonyi(5) States

– A total of 593 contacts have been identified from eight states while 590 are currently under
follow up and 3 are symptomatic positive contacts

– National rapid response team deployed to Bauchi state

– Lassa fever international conference scheduled for 16th to 17th of January 2019,

In view of the above information, *all Apex Nurses must direct appropriately all OICs and the generality of our Nurses* on the importance of observing:

*Standard Precautions*

This include:

— Health education of clients/patients/WHC members on prevention, spread and reporting processes,

— Hand hygiene,

— Use of personal protective equipment (PPE),

— Respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette,

— Appropriate patient placement,

— Safe injection practices,

— Management of sharps,

— Management of needle stick injuries/contamination incidents,

— Decontamination of reusable medical equipment,

— Decontamination of the environment,

— Management of spillages of blood and body fluids,

— Management of laundry and

— Management of waste.

Keep others informed especially Environmental services and Disease Surveillance officers.

Thank you.

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