- LASSA FEVER OUTBREAK IN NIGERIA
In the reporting Week 02 (January 07 – 13, 2019) *thirty-five new confirmed cases* were reported from Edo(12), Ondo(12), Bauchi(3), FCT(1), Ebonyi(5), Plateau(1) and Taraba(1) States with *eight new deaths* in Ondo(3), Edo(1), Ebonyi(1), Plateau(1) FCT(1) and Taraba(1)
From 1st to 13th January 2019, a total of *172 suspected cases* have been reported.
Of these, *60 were confirmed positive* and 112 negative (not a case)
– Since the onset of the 2019 outbreak, there have been 16 deaths in confirmed cases.
– Case fatality
rate in confirmed cases is 26.7%
– Eight states (Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa Ebonyi, Plateau, Taraba and FCT) have recorded at
least one confirmed case across *17 Local Government Areas*
– In the reporting week 02, no new healthcare worker was affected
– Forty-six patients are currently being managed at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital(ISTH)
treatment Centre (20), Federal Medical Centre Owo (18), Bauchi (3) and Ebonyi(5) States
– A total of 593 contacts have been identified from eight states while 590 are currently under
follow up and 3 are symptomatic positive contacts
– National rapid response team deployed to Bauchi state
– Lassa fever international conference scheduled for 16th to 17th of January 2019, visitwww.lic.ncdc.gov.ng
In view of the above information, *all Apex Nurses must direct appropriately all OICs and the generality of our Nurses* on the importance of observing:
— Health education of clients/patients/WHC members on prevention, spread and reporting processes,
— Hand hygiene,
— Use of personal protective equipment (PPE),
— Respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette,
— Appropriate patient placement,
— Safe injection practices,
— Management of sharps,
— Management of needle stick injuries/contamination incidents,
— Decontamination of reusable medical equipment,
— Decontamination of the environment,
— Management of spillages of blood and body fluids,
— Management of laundry and
— Management of waste.
Keep others informed especially Environmental services and Disease Surveillance officers.